Culpabilité, enfants et écrans : peut-on trouver un équilibre ?

15 avril 2020

La relation entre les écrans et les enfants est un sujet qui revient régulièrement. Il y a les directives officielles, les mots qui passent dans les carnets de correspondance en début d’année scolaire, les conférences, etc. En ce moment, la plupart de nos bambins y sont certainement plus que d’habitude. Cela peut parfois amener un sentiment de culpabilité aux parents. Alors certes, les écrans ne sont pas bons, à trop forte dose, et ce pour personne. Mais ils ont aussi leurs avantages. Ils peuvent s’avérer être d’excellents outils, pour peu qu’on cadre leur utilisation.

 

La surexposition aux écrans

 Il est vrai que les écrans, à trop haute dose, peuvent nuire aux enfants, en particulier les plus jeunes.

Pourquoi faut-il faire attention aux écrans ?

Ils sont pointés du doigt pour plusieurs raisons :

  •    - Ils diminuent le temps de jeu.
  •    - Ils peuvent votre enfant dépendant et le désintéresser des autres occupations.
  •    - Ils limitent les interactions sociales.
  •    - Ils impactent également l’activité physique et le sommeil.
  •    - Les enfants qui regardent beaucoup les écrans auraient des difficultés à canaliser leurs émotions.

Suite à ce constat, différentes études ont proposé des règles à appliquer, comme celles de Serge Tisseron dont on vous parlait dans cet article. Les spécialistes ont aussi pointé du doigt différentes périodes de la journée. Il est fortement conseillé d’éviter la télévision et la tablette le matin, le temps des repas, et le soir juste avant le coucher.

 

À quel moment faire attention à l’utilisation des écrans pour vos enfants ?

Les préconisations des spécialistes sont à prendre en compte. Toutefois, certains signes ne trompent pas. Comme pour tout, ce sont des moyennes et votre petit peut être plus sensible qu’un autre face à ces appareils. S’il ne supporte pas qu’on les éteigne, s’il ne parvient pas à se calmer sans eux, cherche à s’en servir en cachette et ne veut plus rien faire hormis être avachi dans le canapé : il y a un souci. Il est alors pertinent de diminuer le temps passé devant la télévision, la tablette, le téléphone ou la console.

 

 

Déculpabilisons : les écrans ont aussi leurs avantages

Toutefois, selon ce que les enfants regardent et comment les écrans sont utilisés, ils peuvent également être une source d’apprentissage :

  •    - Plusieurs bonnes applications interactives permettent aux enfants d’intégrer certains concepts.
  •    - Celles-ci amènent aussi une autre approche pédagogique.
  •    - Certaines émissions mettent en avant des valeurs positives comme la bienveillance, le respect ou encore la tolérance.
  •    - Enfin, les jeux vidéo, s’ils sont bien choisis, aident à développer leur sens de la logique, la réflexion sur la résolution des problèmes ainsi que des notions de volume et de perspective.

 

Le dernier avantage non négligeable des écrans : ils peuvent permettre aux parents de souffler. Parce que trouver des idées d’activités, les leur faire faire, en plus des devoirs et de la conférence en télétravail, c’est un sacré casse-tête.

 

Alors, comment faire ?

Les spécialistes conseillent d’établir un cadre assez strict et de s’y tenir.

  •    - Mettre en place des routines : les enfants savent ainsi quand ils ont droit de regarder la télévision ou de jouer avec la tablette, et pendant combien de temps.
  •    - Si les écrans sont utilisés pour les apprentissages, il est important de distinguer les moments dédiés aux loisirs et aux connaissances.
  •     - Les téléphones restent éteints durant les repas, le soir et sont interdits pendant les devoirs.
  •    - Choisir avec soin les programmes, applications et jeux vidéo.
  •    - Si le grand se sert d’Internet, l’accompagner.
  •    - Et, comme pour toute règle de la maison : les adultes se doivent de montrer l’exemple.

 

On retiendra donc qu’il faut en effet encadrer l’utilisation des écrans pour les enfants. Toutefois, en ces moments particuliers, ils permettent à tous de souffler. Et la bonne santé mentale des parents est une condition sine qua non du bien-être de leur progéniture. Aussi, même si durant quelque temps, vos enfants sont un peu plus devant les écrans que d’habitude, au vu de la situation exceptionnelle, ne culpabilisez pas.

 

 

 

 

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Fbck core

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                            [mobile_menu] => mobile_menu
                            [mobile_sous_menu] => mobile_sous_menu
                            [promotion] => promotion
                            [search] => search
                            [search_google] => search_google
                            [view] => view
                            [rating] => rating
                            [comment_create] => comment_create
                            [export] => export
                            [cross_cookie_tracking] => cross_cookie_tracking
                            [page_promo] => page_promo
                        )

                    [title] => Commerçants
                )

            [news] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                            [actu] => actu
                        )

                    [title] => Actualités
                )

            [newsletter] => Array
                (
                    [action] => subscribe
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [subscribe] => subscribe
                            [unsubscribe] => unsubscribe
                            [status] => status
                        )

                    [title] => Newsletter
                )

            [notify] => Array
                (
                    [action] => action
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [adblock] => adblock
                        )

                    [title] => Notice
                )

            [offers] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Offres spéciales
                )

            [current_offers] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                        )

                    [title] => Offres du moment
                )

            [partner] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                            [view] => view
                            [detail] => detail
                        )

                    [title] => Partenaires
                )

            [provider_gateway] => Array
                (
                    [action] => action
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [is_logged] => is_logged
                            [callback] => callback
                        )

                    [secure] => 1
                    [title] => Authentification tiers
                )

            [redirector] => Array
                (
                    [action] => action
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [merchant] => merchant
                            [partner] => partner
                            [product] => product
                            [history] => history
                        )

                    [title] => Redirection
                )

            [register] => Array
                (
                    [secure] => 
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                            [beneficiaires] => beneficiaires
                            [notification] => notification
                            [complete_association] => complete_association
                            [complete_creation] => complete_creation
                        )

                    [title] => Inscription
                )

            [video] => Array
                (
                    [action] => action
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [demo] => demo
                            [news] => news
                            [presentation] => presentation
                        )

                    [title] => Vidéo
                )

        )

    [defaults] => Array
        (
            [controller] => index
            [action] => 
            [actions] => Array
                (
                )

            [cache] => 
            [components] => Array
                (
                )

            [plugins] => Array
                (
                )

            [secure] => 
            [template] => 
            [title] => 
        )

    [errors] => Array
        (
            [401] => Array
                (
                )

            [403] => Array
                (
                )

            [404] => Array
                (
                )

            [500] => Array
                (
                )

            [600] => Array
                (
                )

        )

    [http_response_codes] => Array
        (
            [100] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Continue
                )

            [200] => Array
                (
                    [title] => OK
                )

            [300] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Multiple Choices
                )

            [301] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Moved Permanently
                )

            [302] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Found
                )

            [303] => Array
                (
                    [title] => See Other
                )

            [304] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Not Modified
                )

            [305] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Use Proxy
                )

            [307] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Temporary Redirect
                )

            [400] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Bad Request
                )

            [401] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Unauthorized
                )

            [403] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Forbidden
                )

            [404] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Not Found
                )

            [405] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Method Not Allowed
                )

            [406] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Not Acceptable
                )

            [407] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Proxy Authentication Required
                )

            [408] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Request Timeout
                )

            [409] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Conflict
                )

            [410] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Gone
                )

            [500] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Internal Server Error
                )

            [501] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Not Implemented
                )

            [502] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Bad Gateway
                )

            [503] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Service Unavailable
                )

            [504] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Gateway Timeout
                )

            [505] => Array
                (
                    [title] => HTTP Version Not Supported
                )

            [600] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Fbck Error
                )

        )

    [localize] => 1
    [profile] => Array
        (
            [active] => 
            [multiple] => 
        )

    [seo] => Array
        (
            [allow_index] => 1
            [rewrite_urls] => 1
        )

    [title] => Capital Koala
    [name] => site_ck
    [controllers_extended] => Array
        (
            [crossite] => Array
                (
                    [action] => put_val
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [put_val] => put_val
                            [get_val] => get_val
                        )

                    [title] => Cross Site Cookie
                )

            [data] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Commerçants
                )

            [exchange] => Array
                (
                    [action] => login
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [login] => login
                            [files] => files
                        )

                    [title] => Fichiers à télécharger
                )

            [faq] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                            [questions] => questions
                            [uninstall_toolbar] => uninstall_toolbar
                            [handle_uninstall] => handle_uninstall
                            [calcul_iban] => calcul_iban
                            [menu_mobile] => menu_mobile
                        )

                    [title] => FAQ
                )

            [index] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Accueil
                    [secure] => 
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [visitor_unsubscribe] => visitor_unsubscribe
                            [unsubscribe] => unsubscribe
                        )

                )

            [info] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Editorial
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                        )

                )

            [koalition] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Koalitions
                )

            [label] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                            [mag] => mag
                        )

                    [title] => Le Label Koala
                )

            [login] => Array
                (
                    [action] => login
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [login] => login
                            [toolbar] => toolbar
                            [lost_password] => lost_password
                            [outgoing] => outgoing
                            [set_password] => set_password
                        )

                    [title] => Connexion
                )

            [logout] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Déconnexion
                )

            [member] => Array
                (
                    [secure] => 1
                    [title] => Espace membre
                    [action] => action
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [paylead_status] => paylead_status
                            [wrong_email] => wrong_email
                        )

                )

            [member_bank] => Array
                (
                    [secure] => 1
                    [title] => Espace membre
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [action] => action
                        )

                )

            [member_edit] => Array
                (
                    [secure] => 1
                    [title] => Espace membre
                    [action] => action
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [export_personal_data] => export_personal_data
                            [store_banks] => store_banks
                            [menu_mobile] => menu_mobile
                            [action] => action
                        )

                )

            [member_help] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                            [popup_duplicate_rnc] => popup_duplicate_rnc
                            [notify] => notify
                        )

                    [secure] => 1
                    [title] => Espace membre
                )

            [member_invitation] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                            [provider] => provider
                        )

                    [secure] => 1
                    [title] => Espace membre
                )

            [member_koalition] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                            [photokoal] => photokoal
                            [updateinfos] => updateinfos
                            [updaterelation] => updaterelation
                            [proratas] => proratas
                            [koalitions] => koalitions
                            [creation] => creation
                            [creation_unicef] => creation_unicef
                            [invitation] => invitation
                            [invitation_unicef] => invitation_unicef
                            [complete_association] => complete_association
                            [beneficiaires] => beneficiaires
                            [complete_creation] => complete_creation
                            [change_relation_type] => change_relation_type
                            [photoinvit] => photoinvit
                        )

                    [secure] => 1
                    [title] => Espace membre
                )

            [member_koalition_invitation] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                            [provider] => provider
                        )

                    [secure] => 1
                    [title] => Espace membre
                )

            [member_merchant] => Array
                (
                    [action] => favorites
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [favorites] => favorites
                            [favorite_add] => favorite_add
                        )

                    [secure] => 1
                    [title] => Espace membre
                )

            [member_notification] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                            [archive] => archive
                            [mark_as_read] => json
                            [unsubscribe] => unsubscribe
                            [paylead_stop_error_notif] => json
                        )

                    [secure] => 1
                    [title] => Espace membre
                )

            [member_order] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                        )

                    [secure] => 1
                    [title] => Espace membre
                )

            [member_payment] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                        )

                    [secure] => 1
                    [title] => Espace membre
                )

            [merchant] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [offline_register_success] => offline_register_success
                            [offline_scrap] => offline_scrap
                            [offline_register] => offline_register
                            [offline_merchants] => offline_merchants
                            [increase] => increase
                            [index] => index
                            [mobile_menu] => mobile_menu
                            [mobile_sous_menu] => mobile_sous_menu
                            [promotion] => promotion
                            [search] => search
                            [search_google] => search_google
                            [view] => view
                            [rating] => rating
                            [comment_create] => comment_create
                            [export] => export
                            [cross_cookie_tracking] => cross_cookie_tracking
                            [page_promo] => page_promo
                        )

                    [title] => Commerçants
                )

            [news] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                            [actu] => actu
                        )

                    [title] => Actualités
                )

            [newsletter] => Array
                (
                    [action] => subscribe
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [subscribe] => subscribe
                            [unsubscribe] => unsubscribe
                            [status] => status
                        )

                    [title] => Newsletter
                )

            [notify] => Array
                (
                    [action] => action
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [adblock] => adblock
                        )

                    [title] => Notice
                )

            [offers] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Offres spéciales
                )

            [current_offers] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                        )

                    [title] => Offres du moment
                )

            [partner] => Array
                (
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                            [view] => view
                            [detail] => detail
                        )

                    [title] => Partenaires
                )

            [provider_gateway] => Array
                (
                    [action] => action
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [is_logged] => is_logged
                            [callback] => callback
                        )

                    [secure] => 1
                    [title] => Authentification tiers
                )

            [redirector] => Array
                (
                    [action] => action
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [merchant] => merchant
                            [partner] => partner
                            [product] => product
                            [history] => history
                        )

                    [title] => Redirection
                )

            [register] => Array
                (
                    [secure] => 
                    [action] => index
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [index] => index
                            [beneficiaires] => beneficiaires
                            [notification] => notification
                            [complete_association] => complete_association
                            [complete_creation] => complete_creation
                        )

                    [title] => Inscription
                )

            [video] => Array
                (
                    [action] => action
                    [actions] => Array
                        (
                            [demo] => demo
                            [news] => news
                            [presentation] => presentation
                        )

                    [title] => Vidéo
                )

            [401] => Array
                (
                )

            [403] => Array
                (
                )

            [404] => Array
                (
                )

            [500] => Array
                (
                )

            [600] => Array
                (
                )

        )

)

3. app-env

Array
(
    [title] => Development
    [domain] => dev.capitalkoala.com
    [db] => Array
        (
            [host] => localhost
            [user] => capitalkoala
            [pass] => MAfmMZRmxEfhRmUy
            [base] => capitalkoala
            [table_prefix] => ck_
        )

    [emails] => Array
        (
            [from] => assistance@capitalkoala.com
            [return-path] => assistance@capitalkoala.com
            [help] => jconan@all-devs.fr
            [site] => jconan@all-devs.fr
            [support] => jconan@all-devs.fr
            [webmaster] => jconan@all-devs.fr
        )

    [cache] => 
    [error_mode] => 1
    [log] => Array
        (
            [file] => Array
                (
                    [verbosity] => 4
                )

            [toolbar] => Array
                (
                    [verbosity] => 4
                    [analyze] => 
                    [benchmark] => 
                    [autoopen] => 
                )

        )

    [seo] => Array
        (
            [allow_index] => 
            [rewrite_urls] => 1
        )

    [statics_url] => 
    [redis] => Array
        (
            [host] => 127.0.0.1
            [host_port] => 6379
            [host_session] => 127.0.0.1
            [host_session_port] => 6378
        )

    [smtp] => Array
        (
            [host] => smtp-relay.sendinblue.com
            [port] => 465
            [user] => enoe@enoe.fr
            [password] => 0aS81FX9Yvzr6mID
        )

    [locale] => fr
    [providers] => Array
        (
            [facebook] => Array
                (
                    [consumer_key] => 227320107308971
                    [consumer_secret] => b7e6494710314c47bb14b1a6f279cca8
                )

            [facebook-tab-poker] => Array
                (
                    [consumer_key] => 227320107308971
                    [consumer_secret] => b7e6494710314c47bb14b1a6f279cca8
                )

            [gmail] => Array
                (
                    [consumer_key] => 634403623486.apps.googleusercontent.com
                    [consumer_secret] => Szsx4kjhiVapIXgqKNlvkBE8
                    [refresh_token] => 1/ubb0FZSEkxRI-kF-TO6Y_frh_dP9EUCv14CPNhL12gc
                )

            [yahoo] => Array
                (
                    [consumer_key] => dj0yJmk9MlptZ2NZc1FUTVp6JmQ9WVdrOVIwVjVRWEJsTkdjbWNHbzlOemt4TmpjMk56WXkmcz1jb25zdW1lcnNlY3JldCZ4PTU0
                    [consumer_secret] => c6be752afb80dcda438122a3a14ad26a9ac1b9ee
                    [app_id] => GEyApe4g
                )

        )

    [stat] => 
    [affiliate_universal_password] => jeJk6awtDg
    [facebook_api_id] => 227320107308971
    [name] => dev_alldevs_fr
    [filepath] => /var/www/capitalkoala/public_html/
    [path] => /
)

4. view

Array
(
)

PHP globals

All (7)

$_GET

$_POST

$_FILES

$_COOKIE

$_SESSION

$_SERVER

CONSTANTS

1. $_GET

Array
(
    [app] => site_ck
    [pg] => label
    [action] => mag
    [ref] => culpabilite-enfants-ecrans-equilibre
)

2. $_POST

Array
(
)

3. $_FILES

Array
(
)

4. $_COOKIE

Array
(
)

5. $_SESSION

Array
(
)

6. $_SERVER

Array
(
    [USER] => capitalkoala
    [HOME] => /var/www/capitalkoala
    [SCRIPT_NAME] => /front/ck/index.php
    [REQUEST_URI] => /label-koala/mag/culpabilite-enfants-ecrans-equilibre/
    [QUERY_STRING] => app=site_ck&pg=label&action=mag&ref=culpabilite-enfants-ecrans-equilibre
    [REQUEST_METHOD] => GET
    [SERVER_PROTOCOL] => HTTP/1.1
    [GATEWAY_INTERFACE] => CGI/1.1
    [REDIRECT_QUERY_STRING] => app=site_ck&pg=label&action=mag&ref=culpabilite-enfants-ecrans-equilibre
    [REDIRECT_URL] => /front/ck/label-koala/mag/culpabilite-enfants-ecrans-equilibre/
    [REMOTE_PORT] => 58416
    [SCRIPT_FILENAME] => /var/www/capitalkoala/public_html/front/ck/index.php
    [SERVER_ADMIN] => [no address given]
    [CONTEXT_DOCUMENT_ROOT] => /var/www/capitalkoala/public_html/
    [CONTEXT_PREFIX] => 
    [REQUEST_SCHEME] => https
    [DOCUMENT_ROOT] => /var/www/capitalkoala/public_html/
    [REMOTE_ADDR] => 44.197.197.23
    [SERVER_PORT] => 443
    [SERVER_ADDR] => 83.96.200.144
    [SERVER_NAME] => dev.capitalkoala.com
    [SERVER_SOFTWARE] => Apache
    [SERVER_SIGNATURE] => 
    [PATH] => /usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin
    [HTTP_CONNECTION] => Keep-Alive
    [HTTP_HOST] => dev.capitalkoala.com
    [HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING] => br,gzip
    [HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE] => en-US,en;q=0.5
    [HTTP_ACCEPT] => text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
    [HTTP_USER_AGENT] => CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)
    [proxy-nokeepalive] => 1
    [SSL_TLS_SNI] => dev.capitalkoala.com
    [HTTPS] => on
    [ZEND_OPTIMIZER] => 1
    [SESSION_USE_TRANS_SID] => 0
    [REGISTER_GLOBALS] => 0
    [MAGIC_QUOTES] => 0
    [PHP_VER] => 5_4
    [REDIRECT_STATUS] => 200
    [REDIRECT_SSL_TLS_SNI] => dev.capitalkoala.com
    [REDIRECT_HTTPS] => on
    [REDIRECT_ZEND_OPTIMIZER] => 1
    [REDIRECT_SESSION_USE_TRANS_SID] => 0
    [REDIRECT_REGISTER_GLOBALS] => 0
    [REDIRECT_MAGIC_QUOTES] => 0
    [REDIRECT_PHP_VER] => 5_4
    [REDIRECT_REDIRECT_STATUS] => 200
    [REDIRECT_REDIRECT_SSL_TLS_SNI] => dev.capitalkoala.com
    [REDIRECT_REDIRECT_HTTPS] => on
    [REDIRECT_REDIRECT_ZEND_OPTIMIZER] => 1
    [REDIRECT_REDIRECT_SESSION_USE_TRANS_SID] => 0
    [REDIRECT_REDIRECT_REGISTER_GLOBALS] => 0
    [REDIRECT_REDIRECT_MAGIC_QUOTES] => 0
    [REDIRECT_REDIRECT_PHP_VER] => 5_4
    [FCGI_ROLE] => RESPONDER
    [PHP_SELF] => /front/ck/index.php
    [REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT] => 1632050976.6813
    [REQUEST_TIME] => 1632050976
)

7. CONSTANTS

Array
(
    [DIRECT_ACCESS] => 1
    [FBCK_BENCH_START] => 1632050976.6816
    [SITE_ID] => 1
    [SITE_REF] => ck
    [FBCK_VERSION] => 0.5.0
)